Is Poultry Farming Good For Small Farmers in India?
Recently I have started a Poultry Farm for breeding Broilers in Karnataka near to Hyderabad. I am constantly facing loss because every time my work out cost for chicken per kg is very high compared to the selling cost.
And more over their is no tranperancy in this market, nobody knows why the chicken price increases or decreases. The Farm Gate price shown in the news paper is far high then what the dealers give when they buy from the farm.The dealers have a system of sms in which daily price is displayed which is far low then the Newspaper.
Chick cost is around 30 to 33 each (Venkateshwara) and
Feed cost is around Rs1100 per bag(Hendrix -Nutricraft)
The total Production cost including Labour and Electricity is reaching very high from RS55 - Rs60 and the selling price is Rs43 as per now
The figures written are the actual cost for my present batch.
I have also seen many small farmers strugling in this business and many already closed.
Can some one please suggest where am I going wrong? Either I am getting very expencive Feed or I am not getting proper dealer to buy?
I have put a lot in this and already lost a lot so kindoff trying to get atleast what i lost? Any suggestions will be highly appreciated.
sir, my name is vishwanth resident of kolar, in poultry industry only few of them are into business, so they create the market means increasing the chicken rate depends upon these few people only,like the share market, so automatically when they supply chicks to private people in the coming days it shows the chicken rate will come down. so its better for you to breed chicken of certain company by taking commission per kg.
Thanx for ur quick response
I totally agree that few Big Farmers are playing with the market prices because todays farm gate is Rs43 which no small farmer can produce.
Its Located in the interior of Bidar Karnataka and the capacity is 10,000 birds
I would be thankful if you can suggest me some Poultry feed which is less expensive than what I am getting. right now I am using Hendrix feed which is provided by Nutrikraft which is around Rs1100 per bag for starter and Finisher. I have heard this is the best feed for the climate in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and frankly I am getting a weight around 2.2kg in 40 days.
I really need some good advice because I have no Idea wether to continue farming or leave it for big farmers.
If the paid members get some responses from the moderator or senior members I am ready to take get paid registration. Plz help.
dear sir you are correct, market is highly fluctuating for broiler price and it is not possible to predict the variation. you can work out on reducing cost of production by looking some other reliable local option for DOCs, may be can explore the possiblity of setting up a hatchery in association with other farmers near you. That hatchery can work as an independent center for your group and can provide DOCs at much lower price.
Secondly, if the demand of low weight bird (called fryer) is there in your area and your farm's mortallity is in control you can look at the option of increasing stocking density during initial phase and lifting some birds out when they achieve 1-1.5 kg (required for fryer). This will balance out net inflow from sales of your flock.
You are right, the Broiler poultry market is controlled by few people all over India. One day chicks , its feed, medicines, Labor are costly and traders will not allow you to earn much .Since you are in to it and done lot of investments you can’t think of closing this business and start something new. I have few following suggestions.
1) Start making your own feed
2) Directly sale your product to retail shopkeepers, have your own retail outlets, have a contract with good companies, Hotels on long term basis.
If you have sufficient land with or without long-term plantations slowly shift to Desi –hybrid chicken open farming like Giriraj /Vanaraj / Kadaknath etc. which will have following advantages :
a) Cost of one day chick is low : between Rs. 12/- to Rs. 15/- per chick
b) They will find their own feed which will reduce the cost on feed by at least 50%
c) Less prone to dieses - cost on medicines will be low .
d) You can keep them for mutton or Eggs
e) Gives more eggs ( 150 PA)than local desi ( 75 to 80 Pa )chicken
f) Eggs are bigger in size and light brown in color – sold at higher rates.
g) You can hatch these eggs on your farm to have one day chicks.
h) FCR ratio is low.
i) Grows fast – can have more batches per year.
j) Live bird is sold at high rates.
By doing this I think you will not incur any loses in future.